If you are going on a mountain hiking trip, all by yourself, then make sure you have carabiners. Carabiners are small metal clips that are usually made of aluminum. You will need carabiners while hiking so you can clip yourself onto the mountainous surface, or you can even clip your gear onto them. You can use carabiners for a variety of purposes depending on their shapes and styles. You can even use larger locking carabiners for belaying and for securing the rope to the surface of a mountain. You can use non-locking carabiners for holding other gear and for nonessential clips.
If you are worried about falling while mountain hiking, then you should essentially carry a belay device with you. A belay device is a small unit with two slots through which the rope is fed. If you are not hiking alone, then using a belay device will allow you to hike above or below your hiking partner. If you are hiking above your hiking partner, then you can pull back on the rope if hiking partner begins falling or vice versa.
If you are going on a mountain hiking trip, then another important gear, you will need is a harness. You can wear a harness just like a pair of pants, and it will rest on your hips. While hiking, you will need to use the harness for attaching yourself to the belay device or the rope and for carrying gear. A harness will act as a safety net for you while you are hiking over a mountain and make sure you wear it tightly enough so that if you end up flipped upside down, you do not slip out of it.
The rope is a very important mountain hiking gear and for it, you will be using a specialized rope. If you are lead hiking, then you will tie the rope to your harness, this way you will carry the rope with you as you ascend the mountain. You can place bolts and carabiners into the surface on the mountain in order to tack the rope onto it. This way, if you are using a belay device and there is a hiker hiking below you, will be able to catch your hiking partner in case of a fall.
Since mountains have an uneven surface, you will have to wear cleat-like hiking boots that have spikes and tread marks under them to allow you to have a firm footing over the rugged surface. Shoes like these will prevent you from slipping while mountain hiking.
Many mountain hikers overlook the importance of a helmet, but it is an essential mountain hiking gear. Even when hiking over a mountain, there is always the risk that a broken chunk of mountainous terrain might fall right on top of you, and your helmet will protect your head from damage.